History of Spain: A brief history of Spain Descargar

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  • 6 feb 2018

  • http://historyofspain.es/ THE PRE-ROMAN PERIOD In Hispania before the Romans, the Spanish peninsula was inhabited by several tribes which were divided between Celts and Iberos. The Fenitians and Greeks started to arrive and founded Gades and Ampurias. By the way, the name of Iberia was given by the Greeks because of the river Ebro, which in Greek is Iber. After them came the Cartaginenses from Africa and founded Cartagena. THE ROMAN PERIOD The Romans arrived in Ampurias in 218 b.C., and finished conquering the peninsula in 19 b.C. under the leadership of the emperor Augustus. The Romans founded several cities such as Emerita Augusta, Italica and Tarraco and expanded their culture during almost seven centuries. THE VISIGOTH PERIOD But Rome ended up collapsing and in the V century hordes of visigoth warriors from the north invaded Spain. The Swabians settled in the north east. The Visigoths dominated the Iberian peninsula for more than 200 hundred years and established the capital in Toledo. In 589 Recaredo made Catholicism the official religion of the peninsula. THE MUSLIM PERIOD In the year 711, Muslims from the north of Africa conquered the peninsula and called it Al-Andalus. Resistance formed in the north and the kingdom of Asturias was founded. The Muslims stayed for seven centuries and left two great monuments: the mosque in Cordoba and the Alhambra in Granada. THE RECONQUEST The Christians started the reconquest in 722 when don Pelayo, an Asturian nobleman defeated the Muslims and from this moment they started to gain terrain and the kingdoms of Leon, Navarra, Aragon, Castilla and Portugal were founded. In the year 1212 in the decisive battle of Navas de Tolosa, the Muslims were defeated by the Christians and for the rest of the century the reconquest advanced quickly. In the end only the kingdom of Granada remained in the south. THE CATHOLIC KINGS In 1469 Isabel of Castilla and Ferdinand of Aragon got married and unified both crowns, conquering Granada in 1492 and unifying the peninsula. THE DISCOVERY OF AMERICA In 1492 Columbus first left for the Indias, discovering America on the 12th of October. During the 16th century conquerers like Hernan Cortes or Francisco Pizarro expanded the Spanish dominions all over America. THE AUSTRIAN DYNASTY Spain became the main European power under the reign of Charles the 1st of Spain and 5th of Germany, who started the Austrian dynasty. His son Philip the 2nd was crowned king of Portugal in 1580 and therefore the whole peninsula was unified for 60 years. THE BOURBON DYNASTY In 1701 the Austrian dynasty ended and the war of succession started and would end in 1714 with Philippe of Anjou as king, establishing the bourbon dynasty. In 1805 Spain was defeated in the battle of Trafalgar by the British and in 1808 it was finally invaded by the French and the war of independence against napoleon´s army started. This finished in victory for the Spanish six years later. THE XIX CENTURY It was during the war of independence against the French that the first constitution was proclaimed in Cadiz in 1812. The XIX century was very problematic, with the Carlista wars between the liberal supporters of Isabel II and the traditionalists with prince Carlos. Finally in 1875 the bourbon monarchy was restored with alfonso XII. In the “disaster” of 1898, Spain lost its last colonies, namely Cuba and the Philippines, after a war with the united states. THE CIVIL WAR AND FRANCO In 1923 Primo de Rivera established a dictatorship which ended up with the declaration of the II republic. After the military insurrection of 1936 against the republic, a civil war started which would end in 1939 with a military dictatorship under the rule of Franco. DEMOCRATIC SPAIN In 1975 after the death of Franco, the transition to democracy started and in 1978 the current Spanish constitution was passed.


  • sSultans1000 _skyper_
    sSultans1000 _skyper_ Hace 10 meses

    i am arabic i love spain i live in spain i am from saudi Arabia 🇸🇦🇪🇸

  • Broly
    Broly Hace 3 semanas

    I ♥️ Spain 🇪🇸🇮🇶 From Iraq

  • Glück
    Glück Hace 2 años

    Good job, I live in Spain and I am German.

  • jesse salazar
    jesse salazar Hace 6 meses

    Born in California but am very proud the Spanish blood that runs through my veins

  • Jane Wrin
    Jane Wrin Hace 7 meses

    This is actually good for all and any age.

  • Lucas V.
    Lucas V. Hace 2 años (editado)

    Pretty good vido, and awesome drawings :)

  • Nemósine AV Ocio
    Nemósine AV Ocio Hace 2 años

    OMG.... what about Tartesos? what about Basque people? I've just seen 15 seconds. Don't wanna see more...

  • Jorge Lopez
    Jorge Lopez Hace 7 meses

    Good summary for a really complex history!

  • José Cabello
    José Cabello Hace 1 año

    Some of the achievements of Spain in Its History

  • Rodrigusificacionn
    Rodrigusificacionn Hace 2 años

    Most of the United States was spanish, my brother!! How could you forget that? Hahaha.

  • Attila Daczo
    Attila Daczo Hace 2 años

    What's the name of the music playing in the background?

  • Rafael Melo
    Rafael Melo Hace 2 años


  • Krotone94
    Krotone94 Hace 2 años

    Falta canarias en los mapas

  • Jaggerwocky
    Jaggerwocky Hace 3 semanas

    Tapais el escudo de Granada cuando poneis el dibujo de la constitucion española.

  • Jupiter
    Jupiter Hace 2 años

    They want your gold.

  • TG gaming gg
    TG gaming gg Hace 2 años


  • Za Warudo Spriggan
    Za Warudo Spriggan Hace 7 meses


  • Goldyn Myers
    Goldyn Myers Hace 1 año

    Phonecians are not from Europe they are from the east. Every culture wants to claim phonecian this or that but it's semetic.

  • Imperio Español Blas De Lezo

    Mas falso que un billete de 6€

  • Dallon Ghan
    Dallon Ghan Hace 1 año

    Gotta work on your pronunciations. Good overview though